3rd PA. Light Infantry

HMI was founded in the fall of 1979. We are charted through the state of Pa. as a non profit educational organization. Our goal is to portray the life and times of the American men and women who served in the Armed Forces from Pre-Revolutionary times to the present. Inside this site will give you some idea and a brief description of the units portrayed and re-enacted by HMI members. HMI has twice received the Valley Forge Freedoms Foundation Award for portrayal of the fighting men and women in the History of the United State.

Join the proud men and women who re-enact the History of our Revolution!

This is an 18th Century, Revolutionary War (also called the AWI or American War of Independence) re-enactment unit. It is one of several units that comprise the parent organization, Historical Military Impressions (HMI). Each member pays annual dues and maintains his or her own uniform and equipment. Tents are provided by HMI for the troops that wish to stay in the field at events.

Throughout the year, we go to historical sites and battlefields, and enter the 18th century. The lifestyles of the soldiers and campfollowers are re-enacted as accurately as possible. This includes camp life, food, uniforms, drill, weapons, tactics and of course, history.

Annual battle re-enactments include Bound Brook, Brandywine, Monmouth, Germantown, Red Bank and Hope Lodge, just to name a few. We also travel to Williamsburg once a year.

The unit portrays several different units and periods throughout the revolution, including: militia, civilian, and the 2nd Pennsylvania Battalion.

The unit was one of the original HMI units and was first commanded by Skip Mills. He was followed by Michael Goode and Carl Szathmary.

The 3rd Penn’a Regiment actually began as the 2nd Penn’a Battalion, which was raised in and around Philadelphia in 1776, and was a part of the Canada Campaign. When the enlistments for the soldiers ended on December 31st, those that reenlisted formed the core of the 3rd Penn’a Regiment, both officers and soldiers.

This is a brief history of the regiment as submitted for the Freedom Foundation Award for Outstanding Achievements in bringing about a better understanding of the American way of life and the cause of freedom:

"...despite the hardships the men reported (many) of them promptly reenlisted, joining the 3rd Pa. Reg't. which was then organized and recruited up to strength. It joined the army in the New Jersey in 1777. It was assigned to the brigade formerly commanded by Brig. Gen Thomas Mifflin, now under Brig. Gen. Thomas Conway. In the spring and summer of 1777, the regiment took part in engagements at Bound Brook, April 12 and 13 as well as Short Hills, June 26."

Other later engagements fought by the 3rd Pa. included Brandywine, Germantown and Monmouth. During the battle of Brandywine, Sept 11, 1777, the regiment was on the right flank and sustained the initial surprise attack of the main body of the British army. Fighting steadfastly, the American defense crumbled and troops began to leave the field. At this point, Capt. Thomas Butler performed exceptional service in rallying the fleeing troops to delay the onslaught of the British attack. He later received a personal commendation from General Washington.

After marching with Washington's army to Hartford, Conn. Sept. 21, 1780, the 3rd Pa. was removed to Tappan, New York on the 25th. It became part of the force which was rushed to West Point to guard against a possible British thrust after Benedict Arnold's treachery there. In December, it moved to Morristown, New Jersey where its men took part in the mutiny that began on January 1, 1781.

The Pennsylvania line was then reorganized as a whole as the result of the mutiny. There was a 3rd Pa, among the six regiments which were retained in the new structure. Many of the original 3rd Pa. men were discharged or transferred upon re-enlistments to the three provisional battalions of Pa. Continentals and then redeployed to the southern theater of operations.